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Legal basis

Apart from authors' works, Swiss copyright law also protects performances by performers (in the audio and audiovisual field), producers of audio and audiovisual recordings and broadcastersbroadcasters
This category includes companies broadcasting radio or TV programmes that are subject to an obligation to notify and obtain a licence pursuant to Art. 3 of the Swiss Federal Act on Radio and Television (RTVA).

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. The rights of those right holders' groupsright holders' groups
Right holders are persons who are entitled to a share of the collected remuneration. The distribution rules distinguish between the following five right holder groups:...
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are referred to as related rightsrelated rights
Also referred to as neighbouring rights, these are the rights for performing artists, producers of audio and audiovisual recordings and broadcasters anchored in the Copyright Act.
 
The term "related" is meant to show the close proximity to the copyrights.
 

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or neighbouring rightsneighbouring rights
Also referred to as related rights, these are the rights for performing artists...
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(NR). Neighbouring rightsNeighbouring rights
Also referred to as related rights, these are the rights for performing artists...
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exist at international level in all countries that have ratified the Rome ConventionRome Convention
The Rome Convention of 1961 is an international Treaty...
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(RC) or the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT).

Rights management

Holders of neighbouring rightsneighbouring rights
Also referred to as related rights, these are the rights for performing artists...
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control the primary usage of their performances themselves and claim their financial entitlements directly from the users.

In many cases, particularly in case of mass usage of their performance, it is impossible for the individual right holder to keep track of the relevant secondary usagesecondary usage
Secondary usage is subject to the payment of remuneration, for example when:...
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. The legislator therefore determined that in certain cases financial claims must be managed collectively - by a collective management organisationcollective management organisation
Collective management organisations administer authors' rights and those of neighbouring right holders under the supervision of the Federal authorities.
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operating based on an authorisation and under government supervision. The collective management organisationcollective management organisation
Collective management organisations administer authors' rights and those of neighbouring right holders under the supervision of the Federal authorities.
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dealing with such claims in Switzerland is called SWISSPERFORM.